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Accidental local infiltration of formalin into the buccal mucosa: A case report and review of the literature

Sachin C. Sarode, Gargi S. Sarode, Yashwant Ingale, Manjusha Ingale, Mahesh Chavan, Nilesh Patil, Barnali Majumdar, Prashant Kumar, Shankargouda Patil
  • Gargi S. Sarode
    Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Dr. D. Y. Patil Dental College and Hospital, Dr. D.Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Sant Tukaram nagar, Pimpri, Pune, Maharashtra, India
  • Yashwant Ingale
    Department of Dentistry, Yashwantrao Chavan Memorial Hospital, Sant-Tukaram Nagar, Pimpri, Pune, Maharashtra, India
  • Manjusha Ingale
    Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Dr. D. Y. Patil Dental College and Hospital, Dr. D.Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Sant-Tukaram nagar, Pimpri, Pune, Maharashtra, India
  • Mahesh Chavan
    Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Dr. D. Y. Patil Dental College and Hospital, Dr. D.Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Sant-Tukaram nagar, Pimpri, Pune, Maharashtra, India
  • Nilesh Patil
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dental Sciences, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, Malkapur, Dist. Satara, Karad, Maharashtra, India
  • Barnali Majumdar
    Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Bhojia Dental College & Hospital, Baddi, Himachal Pradesh, India
  • Prashant Kumar
    Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, HKES’s S.N Institute of Dental Sciences and Research, Sedam Road, Gulbarga, India
  • Shankargouda Patil
    Department of Maxillofacial Surgery and Diagnostic Sciences, Division of Oral Pathology, College of Dentistry, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia

Abstract

Formalin is a hazardous chemical, yet it is the choice of fixative for diagnostic pathology. Dental surgeons routinely use formalin for preservation of oral biopsy specimens. Literature search revealed that during regular biopsy procedures, unintentional injection with formalin has occurred, and such rare seven cases have been reported till date. In addition to the literature review, the present article describes first case of accidental local infiltration with formalin into the buccal mucosa during a biopsy procedure, its damaging effect on the oral tissues, subsequent judicious management of the patient and successful tissue reconstruction with collagen membrane.

Keywords

Dentistry; formalin; injection; pathology; toxicology.

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Submitted: 2017-11-14 05:35:22
Published: 2018-02-13 10:19:19
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Copyright (c) 2018 Sachin C. Sarode, Gargi S. Sarode, Yashwant Ingale, Manjusha Ingale, Mahesh Chavan, Nilesh Patil, Barnali Majumdar, Prashant Kumar, Shankargouda Patil

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