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Paraneoplastic edematous dermatomyositis: A rare syndrome observed in a case of small cell lung cancer

Kevin Zarrabi, Terence Choy, Keith Sweeney, Ved Desai, Roger Keresztes
  • Terence Choy
    Department of Medicine, Stony Brook University Hospital, Stony Brook, NY, United States
  • Keith Sweeney
    Department of Pathology, Stony Brook University Hospital, Stony Brook, NY, United States
  • Ved Desai
    Department of Medicine, Stony Brook University Hospital, Stony Brook, NY, United States
  • Roger Keresztes
    Department of Medicine, Stony Brook University Hospital, Stony Brook, NY, United States

Abstract

Dermatomyositis with subcutaneous edema is a rare process with few reported cases. We report a 63-year-old with lung cancer who presented with an erythematous skin rash and was found to have biopsyproven dermatomyositis. Her course was complicated by generalized edema, myalgias, muscle weakness, dysphagia, and laryngeal edema. The edema was severe and caused respiratory distress requiring intubation. The patient underwent therapy with high-dose glucocorticoids and intravenous immunoglobulin but failed treatment. Altogether, she presented as an extreme case and rare variant of dermatomyositis, known as edematous dermatomyositis. Diagnostic and treatment guidelines do not account for this variant and literature pertaining to edematous dermatomyositis is sparse. Moreover, this disease was a paraneoplastic manifestation of her small cell lung cancer, which is rarely observed. There are no cases reporting edematous dermatomyositis as a paraneoplastic manifestation of small cell lung cancer, and we highlight the high rate of morbidity and mortality in such patients.

Keywords

Edematous dermatomyositis; paraneoplastic; small cell lung cancer.

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Submitted: 2017-05-25 03:33:42
Published: 2017-10-23 11:31:10
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Copyright (c) 2017 Kevin Zarrabi, Terence Choy, Keith Sweeney, Ved Desai, Roger Keresztes

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