Acute esophageal necrosis: A rare case of upper gastrointestinal bleeding from diabetic ketoacidosis
Acute esophageal necrosis, also known as black esophagus or acute necrotizing esophagitis is a rare condition with roughly 154 cases reported in the literature. This condition is classically diagnosed on its endoscopic findings of a circumferentially black esophagus that abruptly ends at the gastroesophageal junction and transitions to normal gastric mucosa. When present, acute esophageal necrosis potentially signifies a poor prognosis with an overall mortality up to 36%. This case report describes a critically ill patient with multiple comorbidities that was found to have acute esophageal necrosis the entire length of the esophagus secondary to ischemia/hypoperfusion that was caused by diabetic ketoacidosis. The patient had a prolonged hospitalization but was ultimately discharged in stable condition. We also review the literature of this rare esophageal condition.
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