Panoramic radiographs for detecting osteopenia: A pilot study

  • Vivek Velayudhan Nair | vivekv@rediffmail.com Department of Oral Medicine & Radiology, PMS College of Dental Science & Research, Kerala, India.
  • Sunila Thomas Department of Oral Medicine & Radiology, PMS College of Dental Science & Research, Kerala, India.
  • Jincy Thomas Department of Oral Medicine & Radiology, PMS College of Dental Science & Research, Kerala, India.
  • Cucoo Mariam Mathew Department of Oral Medicine & Radiology, PMS College of Dental Science & Research, Kerala, India.

Abstract

Osteoporosis characterized by low bone mass/osteopenia can be identified using radiomorphometric indices in routine panoramic radiographs. This study estimates the prevalence of osteopenia in 50-80 years age group, using panoramic mandibular index (PMI), mental index (MI) and mandibular cortical index (MCI). PMI, MI and MCI were applied on 36 panoramic radiographs; MI and MCI were compared with PMI. The prevalence of osteopenia was 11.1% with PMI and 44.4% with MCI. Using MI, the prevalence was 2.8% and 33.3% with 3mm and 4.77mm threshold respectively. The prevalence of osteopenia detected was highest using MCI (44.4%). Considering PMI as gold standard, MI with 4.77 mm threshold showed better agreement with PMI.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Vivek Velayudhan Nair, Department of Oral Medicine & Radiology, PMS College of Dental Science & Research, Kerala
Professor & HOD, Department of Oral Medicine & Radiology
Sunila Thomas, Department of Oral Medicine & Radiology, PMS College of Dental Science & Research, Kerala
Professor, Department of Oral Medicine & Radiology
Jincy Thomas, Department of Oral Medicine & Radiology, PMS College of Dental Science & Research, Kerala
Reader, Department of Oral Medicine & Radiology
Cucoo Mariam Mathew, Department of Oral Medicine & Radiology, PMS College of Dental Science & Research, Kerala
PostGraduate, Department of Oral Medicine & Radiology
Published
2017-10-19
Section
Brief Reports
Keywords:
Osteopenia, panoramic radiograph, panoramic mandibular index, mental index, mandibular cortical index.
Statistics
Abstract views: 423

PDF: 240
HTML: 56
Share it

PlumX Metrics

PlumX Metrics provide insights into the ways people interact with individual pieces of research output (articles, conference proceedings, book chapters, and many more) in the online environment. Examples include, when research is mentioned in the news or is tweeted about. Collectively known as PlumX Metrics, these metrics are divided into five categories to help make sense of the huge amounts of data involved and to enable analysis by comparing like with like.

How to Cite
Velayudhan Nair, V., Thomas, S., Thomas, J., & Mathew, C. M. (2017). Panoramic radiographs for detecting osteopenia: A pilot study. Clinics and Practice, 7(4). https://doi.org/10.4081/cp.2017.973

Most read articles by the same author(s)