Panoramic radiographs for detecting osteopenia: A pilot study

  • Vivek Velayudhan Nair | vivekv@rediffmail.com Department of Oral Medicine & Radiology, PMS College of Dental Science & Research, Kerala, India.
  • Sunila Thomas Department of Oral Medicine & Radiology, PMS College of Dental Science & Research, Kerala, India.
  • Jincy Thomas Department of Oral Medicine & Radiology, PMS College of Dental Science & Research, Kerala, India.
  • Cucoo Mariam Mathew Department of Oral Medicine & Radiology, PMS College of Dental Science & Research, Kerala, India.

Abstract

Osteoporosis characterized by low bone mass/osteopenia can be identified using radiomorphometric indices in routine panoramic radiographs. This study estimates the prevalence of osteopenia in 50-80 years age group, using panoramic mandibular index (PMI), mental index (MI) and mandibular cortical index (MCI). PMI, MI and MCI were applied on 36 panoramic radiographs; MI and MCI were compared with PMI. The prevalence of osteopenia was 11.1% with PMI and 44.4% with MCI. Using MI, the prevalence was 2.8% and 33.3% with 3mm and 4.77mm threshold respectively. The prevalence of osteopenia detected was highest using MCI (44.4%). Considering PMI as gold standard, MI with 4.77 mm threshold showed better agreement with PMI.

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Author Biographies

Vivek Velayudhan Nair, Department of Oral Medicine & Radiology, PMS College of Dental Science & Research, Kerala
Professor & HOD, Department of Oral Medicine & Radiology
Sunila Thomas, Department of Oral Medicine & Radiology, PMS College of Dental Science & Research, Kerala
Professor, Department of Oral Medicine & Radiology
Jincy Thomas, Department of Oral Medicine & Radiology, PMS College of Dental Science & Research, Kerala
Reader, Department of Oral Medicine & Radiology
Cucoo Mariam Mathew, Department of Oral Medicine & Radiology, PMS College of Dental Science & Research, Kerala
PostGraduate, Department of Oral Medicine & Radiology
Published
2017-10-19
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Section
Brief Reports
Keywords:
Osteopenia, panoramic radiograph, panoramic mandibular index, mental index, mandibular cortical index.
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How to Cite
Velayudhan Nair, V., Thomas, S., Thomas, J., & Mathew, C. M. (2017). Panoramic radiographs for detecting osteopenia: A pilot study. Clinics and Practice, 7(4). https://doi.org/10.4081/cp.2017.973

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