The role of psychological support in cardiac surgery: initial experience

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Fabrizio Sansone *
Erika Bellini
Sabrina Ghersi
Edoardo Zingarelli
Roberto Flocco
Guglielmo Mario Actis Dato
Pier Giuseppe Forsennati
Francesco Parisi
Giuseppe Punta
Gian Luca Bardi
Stefano del Ponte
Riccardo Casabona
(*) Corresponding Author:
Fabrizio Sansone | fabrisans@katamail.com

Abstract

The scientific literature has pointed out several predictors of negative outcome after surgery such as pain and depression, negatively affecting the postoperative outcome in cardiac surgery. From January 2009 until June 2010, 15 patients scheduled for cardiac surgery were enrolled. The patients were assessed by psychological evaluation either in the hospital stay either in the rehabilitation period with the aim of identifying their emotional condition (sentiments about the onset of the disease, support received from family and friends) even by means of preformed tests for anxiety and depression (tests of Stay and Back). Thus, in our preliminary experience, the psychological evaluation failed to detect the occurrence of postoperative complications. Conversely, the psychological evaluation is very effective in detecting a poor emotional state and the psychological support decreases the degree of anxiety and depression with positive effects on postoperative outcome. In conclusion, a standardize test for anxiety and depression should be used for patients at hospital admission to detect who may benefits by psychological support.

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