Male systemic lupus erythematosus, an overlooked diagnosis
AbstractLupus erythematosus is a chronic autoimmune inflammatory disease of unknown cause that involves multiple systems. Autoimmune diseases that are prevalent in men usually manifest themselves clinically before the age of 50 years old and are characterized by an acute inflammation, whereas autoimmune diseases with predominance among women appear clinically in later stages of life, when chronic diseases, fibrosis and increased number of autoantibodies are present. Lupus erythematosus is more prevalent among women during the reproductive period, but the cause of this predilection is not fully established and little is known about the disease among men. We report a case of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in a male patient whose diagnosis was delayed due to the systemic manifestations and because SLE is considered an uncommon disease in men.
PlumX Metrics provide insights into the ways people interact with individual pieces of research output (articles, conference proceedings, book chapters, and many more) in the online environment. Examples include, when research is mentioned in the news or is tweeted about. Collectively known as PlumX Metrics, these metrics are divided into five categories to help make sense of the huge amounts of data involved and to enable analysis by comparing like with like.
Copyright (c) 2011 Maria do Socorro Teixeira Moreira Almeida, Josué da Costa Arcoverde, Mário Nicolau Barros Jacobino, Antônio Rodrigues Coimbra Neto
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.