Pneumomediastinum and bilateral pneumothorax following near drowning in shallow water

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Santhiya Govindaraj
Stalin Viswanathan *
(*) Corresponding Author:
Stalin Viswanathan |


We report pneumomediastinum, bilateral pneumothorax and acute respiratory distress syndrome in a victim of near drowning who was intoxicated and did not have thoracic or neck trauma. Chest radiograph revealed the above findings, later confirmed by computed tomography. He was in shock and also had gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding and renal dysfunction. With adequate resuscitative measures including fluids, blood transfusions, intercostal tube drainage and mechanical ventilation he made a complete recovery. Good prognostic indicators in near drowning patients include higher Glasgow Coma Scale, short submersion time and quick resuscitative measures even in the presence of serious cardiorespiratory or hemodynamic compromise.

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Author Biography

Stalin Viswanathan, Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences, Kalapet, Pondicherry

Department of Internal Medicine