Clinics and Practice <p><strong>Clinics and Practice</strong>&nbsp;[ISSN 2039-7283] is a peer-reviewed, Open Access, online-only journal that publishes both&nbsp;<em>brief reports</em>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<em>case reports</em>&nbsp;in all areas of clinical medicine. Our journal would welcome any interesting description of patients, procedures and treatment in any condition or disease useful for healthcare professionals.<br><br></p> PAGEPress Scientific Publications, Pavia, Italy en-US Clinics and Practice 2039-7275 <p><strong>PAGEPress</strong> has chosen to apply the&nbsp;<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial 4.0 International License</strong></a>&nbsp;(CC BY-NC 4.0) to all manuscripts to be published.<br><br> An Open Access Publication is one that meets the following two conditions:</p> <ol> <li>the author(s) and copyright holder(s) grant(s) to all users a free, irrevocable, worldwide, perpetual right of access to, and a license to copy, use, distribute, transmit and display the work publicly and to make and distribute derivative works, in any digital medium for any responsible purpose, subject to proper attribution of authorship, as well as the right to make small numbers of printed copies for their personal use.</li> <li>a complete version of the work and all supplemental materials, including a copy of the permission as stated above, in a suitable standard electronic format is deposited immediately upon initial publication in at least one online repository that is supported by an academic institution, scholarly society, government agency, or other well-established organization that seeks to enable open access, unrestricted distribution, interoperability, and long-term archiving.</li> </ol> <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <ol> <li>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.</li> </ol> Aneurysm wall enhancement in black blood MRI correlates with aneurysm size. Black blood MRI could serve as an objective criterion of aneurysm stability in near future <p>The increasing number of incidental intracranial aneurysms creates a dilemma of which aneurysms to treat and which to observe. Clinical scoring systems consider risk factors for aneurysm rupture however objective parameters for assessment of aneurysms stability are needed. We retrospectively analysed contrast enhancing behaviour of un-ruptured aneurysms in the black blood magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in N=71 patients with 90 aneurysms and assessed correlation between aneurysm wall contrast enhancement (AWCE) and aneurysm anatomy and clinical scoring systems. AWCE is associated with aneurysm height and height to width ratio in ICA aneurysms. AWCE is correlated to larger aneurysms in every anatomical location evaluated. However the mean size of the contrast enhancing aneurysms is significantly different between anatomical localizations indicating separate analyses for every artery. Clinical scoring systems like PHASES and UIATS correlate positively with AWCE in black blood MRI. MRI aneurysm wall contrast enhancement is a positive predictor for aneurysm instability and should be routinely assessed in follow up of incidental aneurysms. Aneurysms smaller than 7 mm with AWCE should be followed closely with focus on growth, as they may be prone to growth and rupture.</p> Athanasios K. Petridis Andreas Filis Elias Chasoglou Igor Fischer Maxine Dibué-Adjei Richard Bostelmann Hans Jakob Steiger Bernd Turowski Rebecca May ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-07-27 2018-07-27 10.4081/cp.2018.1089 Recurrent juvenile psammomatoid ossifying fibroma with secondary aneurysmal bone cyst of the maxilla: a case report and review of literature <p>Juvenile ossifying fibroma is a benign fibro-osseous lesion commonly affecting the extra-gnathic craniofacial skeleton of the young individuals. The psammomatoid and trabecular variants are its two histopathological subtypes having distinctive clinico-pathological characteristics. Secondary aneurysmal bone cysts are frequently reported to arise in the pre-existing fibro-osseous lesions but rarely reported in the psammmomatoid variant of the juvenile ossifying fibroma. Such hybrid lesions, especially massive in size, tend to exhibit a greater aggressive growth potential and higher recurrence rate and mandate complete surgical removal of the lesion along with a long-term follow-up. The objective of this case report was to present a rare incident of recurrent psammomatoid ossifying fibroma associated with a secondary aneurysmal bone cyst in the maxillary jaw bone of a young patient and review the similar published reports in the English literature.</p> Sachin C. Sarode Gargi S. Sarode Yashwant Ingale Manjusha Ingale Barnali Majumdar Nilesh Patil Shankargouda Patil ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-07-24 2018-07-24 10.4081/cp.2018.1085 Not all ankle injuries are ankle sprains - Case of an isolated cuboid stress fracture <p>A 22-year old lady, had a twisting injury to her left ankle followed by pain on prolonged weight bearing and walking. Magnetic resonance imaging with computed tomography correlation was done which showed an isolated cuboid stress fracture. Isolated cuboid stress fractures are very rare and are usually misdiagnosed as ankle sprains.</p> Sidharth Unnithan Joe Thomas ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-07-10 2018-07-10 10.4081/cp.2018.1093 A case report of infective endocarditis in a 10-year-old girl <p>Infective endocarditis is a rare disease in children, and it can result in significant morbidity and mortality. The epidemiology of infective endocarditis in children has shifted in recent years with less rheumatic heart disease, more congenital heart disease survival, and increased use of central venous catheters in children with chronic illness. Less commonly, infective endocarditis occurs in children with no preexisting cardiac disease or other known risk factors. We present a "case of" 10 year-old girl with no known cardiac disease or any other risk factors who was diagnosed with infective endocarditis according to modified Duke criteria. Blood cultures grew haemophilus parainfluenza. She had prolonged fever for 2 weeks after starting antibiotics, even though her blood culture became sterile 48 hours after treatment. We emphasize the importance of maintaining high index of suspicion for endocarditis in febrile children, even those without cardiac anomalies or other apparent risk factors.</p> Shafee Salloum Christopher J. Bugnitz ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-07-10 2018-07-10 10.4081/cp.2018.1070 Elevated troponin and left bundle branch block in the setting of suspected septicemia and demand ischemia: to treat or not to treat <p>Elevated troponin and atypical chest pain in the setting of septicemia and Type II Non ST elevation myocardial infarction is frequently encountered. These cases are not necessarily scheduled for emergent cardiac catheterization. High index of clinical suspicion and continuous in-patient cardiac monitoring with serial trending of cardiac enzymes are important in such cases. Subsequent sudden development of electrocardiogram changes requires prompt investigation with emergent coronary catheterization. These types of cases may be missed especially in females who present with atypical chest pain and in patients with Left bundle branch block.</p> Munish Sharma Rubinder Toor Koroush Khalighi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-07-10 2018-07-10 10.4081/cp.2018.1073 Bilateral glomus tympanicum tumors: human temporalbone study <p>To describe human temporal bones with bilateral glomus tympanicum tumors. Patient is 83-year-old black female who no pulsatile tinnitus. The histopathologic characteristics of human temporal bones after death were setting Department of Otolaryngology of University of Minnesota in USA. Histopathologic observation of temporal bones showed bilateral small glomus tympanicum tumors limited to the promontory. Although there was bilateral tinnitus, there was no pulsatile tinnitus, no conductive hearing loss and both of the tympanic membranes were intact. Histopathologic observation of temporal bones after death showed bilateral glomus tympanicum tumors. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of bilateral glomus tympanicum tumors.</p> Hisaki Fukushiama Hirotaka Hara Michael M. Paparella Mohamed F. Oktay Patricia A. Schachern Sebahattin Cureoglu ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-07-12 2018-07-12 10.4081/cp.2018.1035